What is deltamethrin?
Deltamethrin is a pyrethroyd insecticide that kills insects on contact and through digestion. It is a synthetic insecticide based on natural pyrethrins.
Deltamethrin products are some of the most popular and widely used insecticides in the world.
What is deltamethrin used for?
Deltamethrin has a very broad spectrum of insect control and is effective against cockroaches, flies, fleas, beetles, bed bugs and a large number of other insects and bugs.
How does deltamethrin work?
Deltamethrin causes death due to irreversible damage to the nervous system. It rapidly paralyses the insect's nervous system resulting in a quick 'knockdown' of the insect.
How toxic is deltamethrin?
Deltamethrin is highly toxic to insects.
Mammalian exposure to deltamethrin is classified as safe provided it is used in accordance with the product label.
What effect does deltamethrin have on wildlife?
As is common with all pyrethroids, deltamethrin has high toxicity to bees.
It is extremely toxic to aquatic insects and fish.
Signs of toxicity in humans.
Deltamethrin is a neurotoxin, it attacks the nervous system of insects and mammals.
Skin contact can lead to tingling or reddening of the skin local to the application. If taken in through the eyes or mouth, a common symptom is facial paraesthesia, which can feel like many different abnormal sensations, including burning, partial numbness, 'pins and needles', skin crawling, etc.
Recently, in South Africa, residues of deltamethrin were found in breast milk, together with DDT, in an area that used DDT treatment for malaria control, as well as pyrethroids in small-scale agriculture.
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